7 March 2014 Hyperspectral image reconstruction using RGB color for foodborne pathogen detection on agar plates
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Abstract
This paper reports the latest development of a color vision technique for detecting colonies of foodborne pathogens grown on agar plates with a hyperspectral image classification model that was developed using full hyperspectral data. The hyperspectral classification model depended on reflectance spectra measured in the visible and near-infrared spectral range from 400 and 1,000 nm (473 narrow spectral bands). Multivariate regression methods were used to estimate and predict hyperspectral data from RGB color values. The six representative non-O157 Shiga-toxin producing Eschetichia coli (STEC) serogroups (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145) were grown on Rainbow agar plates. A line-scan pushbroom hyperspectral image sensor was used to scan 36 agar plates grown with pure STEC colonies at each plate. The 36 hyperspectral images of the agar plates were divided in half to create training and test sets. The mean Rsquared value for hyperspectral image estimation was about 0.98 in the spectral range between 400 and 700 nm for linear, quadratic and cubic polynomial regression models and the detection accuracy of the hyperspectral image classification model with the principal component analysis and k-nearest neighbors for the test set was up to 92% (99% with the original hyperspectral images). Thus, the results of the study suggested that color-based detection may be viable as a multispectral imaging solution without much loss of prediction accuracy compared to hyperspectral imaging.
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Seung-Chul Yoon, Seung-Chul Yoon, Tae-Sung Shin, Tae-Sung Shin, Bosoon Park, Bosoon Park, Kurt C. Lawrence, Kurt C. Lawrence, Gerald W. Heitschmidt, Gerald W. Heitschmidt, } "Hyperspectral image reconstruction using RGB color for foodborne pathogen detection on agar plates", Proc. SPIE 9024, Image Processing: Machine Vision Applications VII, 90240I (7 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2041085; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2041085
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