19 March 2014 Fast data acquisition method in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging using a new grating design
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Grating-based x-ray differential phase contrast imaging (DPCI) often uses a phase stepping procedure that involves sequential grating motion and multiple x-ray exposures to obtain x-ray phase information. Such a data acquisition process breaks the continuous data acquisition into several step-and-shoot data acquisition sequences. Between two neighboring x-ray pulses, the acquisition will have to be stopped for the grating to translate into the next phase stepping position. This setup also requires that the grating not be fixed. If the gratings are to be mounted onto a fast-rotating gantry (such as those used in x-ray CT), this translation of the grating would add another potential source of mechanical instability. To accelerate the data acquisition speed and improve the mechanical stability of of DPCI data acquisitions, a new grating design was developed. In this method, one of the gratings used in DPCI was divided into four-row groups, within each group, grating structures have a designed offset with respect to their neighboring rows. This design allows the acquired data from any adjacent four detector rows to be combined in order to retrieve the needed x-ray differential phase information from a single x-ray exposure. Both numerical simulations and initial phantom experiments have demonstrated that the new interferometer design can enable DPCI image acquisitions without this well-known overhead in data acquisition time.
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Yongshuai Ge, Yongshuai Ge, Ke Li, Ke Li, John Garrett, John Garrett, Guang-Hong Chen, Guang-Hong Chen, "Fast data acquisition method in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging using a new grating design", Proc. SPIE 9033, Medical Imaging 2014: Physics of Medical Imaging, 90330B (19 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043886; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2043886

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