19 March 2014 Nonlocal means-based regularizations for statistical CT reconstruction
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Statistical iterative reconstruction (SIR) methods have shown remarkable gains over the conventional filtered backprojection (FBP) method in improving image quality for low-dose computed tomography (CT). They reconstruct the CT images by maximizing/minimizing a cost function in a statistical sense, where the cost function usually consists of two terms: the data-fidelity term modeling the statistics of measured data, and the regularization term reflecting a prior information. The regularization term in SIR plays a critical role for successful image reconstruction, and an established family of regularizations is based on the Markov random field (MRF) model. Inspired by the success of nonlocal means (NLM) algorithm in image processing applications, we proposed, in this work, a family of generic and edgepreserving NLM-based regularizations for SIR. We evaluated one of them where the potential function takes the quadratic-form. Experimental results with both digital and physical phantoms clearly demonstrated that SIR with the proposed regularization can achieve more significant gains than SIR with the widely-used Gaussian MRF regularization and the conventional FBP method, in terms of image noise reduction and resolution preservation.
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Hao Zhang, Hao Zhang, Jianhua Ma, Jianhua Ma, Yan Liu, Yan Liu, Hao Han, Hao Han, Lihong Li, Lihong Li, Jing Wang, Jing Wang, Zhengrong Liang, Zhengrong Liang, "Nonlocal means-based regularizations for statistical CT reconstruction", Proc. SPIE 9033, Medical Imaging 2014: Physics of Medical Imaging, 903337 (19 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043949; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2043949

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