21 March 2014 Multi-scale feature learning on pixels and super-pixels for seminal vesicles MRI segmentation
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We propose a learning-based approach to segment the seminal vesicles (SV) via random forest classifiers. The proposed discriminative approach relies on the decision forest using high-dimensional multi-scale context-aware spatial, textual and descriptor-based features at both pixel and super-pixel level. After affine transformation to a template space, the relevant high-dimensional multi-scale features are extracted and random forest classifiers are learned based on the masked region of the seminal vesicles from the most similar atlases. Using these classifiers, an intermediate probabilistic segmentation is obtained for the test images. Then, a graph-cut based refinement is applied to this intermediate probabilistic representation of each voxel to get the final segmentation. We apply this approach to segment the seminal vesicles from 30 MRI T2 training images of the prostate, which presents a particularly challenging segmentation task. The results show that the multi-scale approach and the augmentation of the pixel based features with the super-pixel based features enhances the discriminative power of the learnt classifier which leads to a better quality segmentation in some very difficult cases. The results are compared to the radiologist labeled ground truth using leave-one-out cross-validation. Overall, the Dice metric of 0:7249 and Hausdorff surface distance of 7:0803 mm are achieved for this difficult task.
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Qinquan Gao, Qinquan Gao, Akshay Asthana, Akshay Asthana, Tong Tong, Tong Tong, Daniel Rueckert, Daniel Rueckert, Philip "Eddie" Edwards, Philip "Eddie" Edwards, "Multi-scale feature learning on pixels and super-pixels for seminal vesicles MRI segmentation", Proc. SPIE 9034, Medical Imaging 2014: Image Processing, 903407 (21 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043893; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2043893

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