21 March 2014 Protein crystallization image classification with elastic net
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Abstract
Protein crystallization plays a crucial role in pharmaceutical research by supporting the investigation of a protein’s molecular structure through X-ray diffraction of its crystal. Due to the rare occurrence of crystals, images must be manually inspected, a laborious process. We develop a solution incorporating a regularized, logistic regression model for automatically evaluating these images. Standard image features, such as shape context, Gabor filters and Fourier transforms, are first extracted to represent the heterogeneous appearance of our images. Then the proposed solution utilizes Elastic Net to select relevant features. Its L1-regularization mitigates the effects of our large dataset, and its L2- regularization ensures proper operation when the feature number exceeds the sample number. A two-tier cascade classifier based on naïve Bayes and random forest algorithms categorized the images. In order to validate the proposed method, we experimentally compare it with naïve Bayes, linear discriminant analysis, random forest, and their two-tier cascade classifiers, by 10-fold cross validation. Our experimental results demonstrate a 3-category accuracy of 74%, outperforming other models. In addition, Elastic Net better reduces the false negatives responsible for a high, domain specific risk. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to apply Elastic Net to classifying protein crystallization images. Performance measured on a large pharmaceutical dataset also fared well in comparison with those presented in the previous studies, while the reduction of the high-risk false negatives is promising.
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Jeffrey Hung, Jeffrey Hung, John Collins, John Collins, Mehari Weldetsion, Mehari Weldetsion, Oliver Newland, Oliver Newland, Eric Chiang, Eric Chiang, Steve Guerrero, Steve Guerrero, Kazunori Okada, Kazunori Okada, } "Protein crystallization image classification with elastic net", Proc. SPIE 9034, Medical Imaging 2014: Image Processing, 90341X (21 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043882; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2043882
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