24 March 2014 A boosted optimal linear learner for retinal vessel segmentation
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Abstract
Ocular fundus images provide important information about retinal degeneration, which may be related to acute pathologies or to early signs of systemic diseases. An automatic and quantitative assessment of vessel morphological features, such as diameters and tortuosity, can improve clinical diagnosis and evaluation of retinopathy. At variance with available methods, we propose a data-driven approach, in which the system learns a set of optimal discriminative convolution kernels (linear learner). The set is progressively built based on an ADA-boost sample weighting scheme, providing seamless integration between linear learner estimation and classification. In order to capture the vessel appearance changes at different scales, the kernels are estimated on a pyramidal decomposition of the training samples. The set is employed as a rotating bank of matched filters, whose response is used by the boosted linear classifier to provide a classification of each image pixel into the two classes of interest (vessel/background). We tested the approach fundus images available from the DRIVE dataset. We show that the segmentation performance yields an accuracy of 0.94.
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E. Poletti, E. Poletti, E. Grisan, E. Grisan, } "A boosted optimal linear learner for retinal vessel segmentation", Proc. SPIE 9035, Medical Imaging 2014: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 903530 (24 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2042851; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2042851
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