18 March 2014 Preliminary study on differentiation between glaucomatous and non-glaucomatous eyes on stereo fundus images using cup gradient models
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Abstract
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in Japan and the US. One of the indices for diagnosis of glaucoma is the cup-to-disc ratio (CDR). We have been developing a computerized method for measuring CDR on stereo fundus photographs. Although our previous study indicated that the method may be useful, cup determination was not always successful, especially for the normal eyes. In this study, we investigated a new method to quantify the likelihood of glaucomatous disc based on the similarity scores to the glaucoma and non-glaucoma models. Eighty-seven images, including 40 glaucomatous eyes, were used in this study. Only one eye from each patient was used. Using a stereo fundus camera, two images were captured from different angles, and the depth image was created by finding the local corresponding points. One of the characteristics of a glaucomatous disc can be not only that the cup is enlarged but it has an acute slope. On the other hand, a non-glaucomatous cup generally has a gentle slope. Therefore, our models were constructed by averaging the depth gradient images. In order to account for disc size, disc outline was automatically detected, and all images were registered by warping the disc outline to a circle with a predetermined diameter using thin plate splines. Similarity scores were determined by multiplying a test case with both models. At the sensitivity of 90.0%, the specificity was improved from 83.0% using the CDR to 97.9% by the model-based method. The proposed method may be useful for differentiation of glaucomatous eyes.
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Chisako Muramatsu, Yuji Hatanaka, Kyoko Ishida, Akira Sawada, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Hiroshi Fujita, "Preliminary study on differentiation between glaucomatous and non-glaucomatous eyes on stereo fundus images using cup gradient models", Proc. SPIE 9035, Medical Imaging 2014: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 903533 (18 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043409; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2043409
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