24 March 2014 Automatic seed selection for segmentation of liver cirrhosis in laparoscopic sequences
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Abstract
For computer aided diagnosis based on laparoscopic sequences, image segmentation is one of the basic steps which define the success of all further processing. However, many image segmentation algorithms require prior knowledge which is given by interaction with the clinician. We propose an automatic seed selection algorithm for segmentation of liver cirrhosis in laparoscopic sequences which assigns each pixel a probability of being cirrhotic liver tissue or background tissue. Our approach is based on a trained classifier using SIFT and RGB features with PCA. Due to the unique illumination conditions in laparoscopic sequences of the liver, a very low dimensional feature space can be used for classification via logistic regression. The methodology is evaluated on 718 cirrhotic liver and background patches that are taken from laparoscopic sequences of 7 patients. Using a linear classifier we achieve a precision of 91% in a leave-one-patient-out cross-validation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that with logistic probability estimates, seeds with high certainty of being cirrhotic liver tissue can be obtained. For example, our precision of liver seeds increases to 98.5% if only seeds with more than 95% probability of being liver are used. Finally, these automatically selected seeds can be used as priors in Graph Cuts which is demonstrated in this paper.
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Rahul Sinha, Jan Marek Marcinczak, Rolf-Rainer Grigat, "Automatic seed selection for segmentation of liver cirrhosis in laparoscopic sequences", Proc. SPIE 9035, Medical Imaging 2014: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 90353L (24 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043025; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2043025
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