12 March 2014 Semi-automatic segmentation of vertebral bodies in volumetric MR images using a statistical shape+pose model
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Abstract
Segmentation of vertebral structures in magnetic resonance (MR) images is challenging because of poor con­trast between bone surfaces and surrounding soft tissue. This paper describes a semi-automatic method for segmenting vertebral bodies in multi-slice MR images. In order to achieve a fast and reliable segmentation, the method takes advantage of the correlation between shape and pose of different vertebrae in the same patient by using a statistical multi-vertebrae anatomical shape+pose model. Given a set of MR images of the spine, we initially reduce the intensity inhomogeneity in the images by using an intensity-correction algorithm. Then a 3D anisotropic diffusion filter smooths the images. Afterwards, we extract edges from a relatively small region of the pre-processed image with a simple user interaction. Subsequently, an iterative Expectation Maximization tech­nique is used to register the statistical multi-vertebrae anatomical model to the extracted edge points in order to achieve a fast and reliable segmentation for lumbar vertebral bodies. We evaluate our method in terms of speed and accuracy by applying it to volumetric MR images of the spine acquired from nine patients. Quantitative and visual results demonstrate that the method is promising for segmentation of vertebral bodies in volumetric MR images.
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Amin Suzani, Amin Suzani, Abtin Rasoulian, Abtin Rasoulian, Sidney Fels, Sidney Fels, Robert N. Rohling, Robert N. Rohling, Purang Abolmaesumi, Purang Abolmaesumi, } "Semi-automatic segmentation of vertebral bodies in volumetric MR images using a statistical shape+pose model", Proc. SPIE 9036, Medical Imaging 2014: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 90360P (12 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043847; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2043847
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