17 April 2014 Evaluation of EUV resist performance below 20nm CD using helium ion lithography
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For the introduction of EUV lithography, development of high performance EUV resists is of key importance. This development involves studies into resist sensitivity, resolving power and pattern uniformity. We have used a sub-nanometer-sized 30 keV helium ion beam to expose chemically amplified (CAR) EUV resists. There are similarities in the response of resists to He+ ions and EUV photons: both excite Secondary Electrons with similar energy distributions.The weak backscattering of the He+ ions results in ultra-low proximity effects. This fact enables the exposure of dense and detailed patterns by focused He+ ion beams without the need for proximity correction. This paper presents contact holes and lines at 40-nm pitch in an EUV CAR resist. We have used resist sensitivity, contrast, resolution (CD) and pattern fidelity (LCDU, LWR and dose-to-print) as metrics for a comparison of SHIBL with EUVL. We show that Scanning Helium Ion Beam Lithography (SHIBL) can be a useful and economically attractive technology to (pre-)screen novel EUV resists prior to their final performance evaluation in an EUV scanner.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Diederik Maas, Diederik Maas, Emile van Veldhoven, Emile van Veldhoven, Anja van Langen-Suurling, Anja van Langen-Suurling, Paul F.A. Alkemade, Paul F.A. Alkemade, Sander Wuister, Sander Wuister, Rik Hoefnagels, Rik Hoefnagels, Coen Verspaget, Coen Verspaget, Jeroen Meessen, Jeroen Meessen, Timon Fliervoet, Timon Fliervoet, "Evaluation of EUV resist performance below 20nm CD using helium ion lithography", Proc. SPIE 9048, Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography V, 90482Z (17 April 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2046917; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2046917

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