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8 March 2014 Effect of temperature on the electric breakdown strength of dielectric elastomer
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DE (dielectric elastomer) is one of the most promising artificial muscle materials for its large strain over 100% under driving voltage. However, to date, dielectric elastomer actuators (DEAs) are prone to failure due to the temperature-dependent electric breakdown. Previously studies had shown that the electrical breakdown strength was mainly related to the temperature-dependent elasticity modulus and the permittivity of dielectric substances. This paper investigated the influence of ambient temperature on the electric breakdown strength of DE membranes (VHB4910 3M). The electric breakdown experiment of the DE membrane was conducted at different ambient temperatures and pre-stretch levels. The real breakdown strength was obtained by measuring the deformation and the breakdown voltage simultaneously. Then, we found that with the increase of the environment temperature, the electric breakdown strength decreased obviously. Contrarily, the high pre-stretch level led to the large electric breakdown strength. What is more, we found that the deformations of DEs were strongly dependent on the ambient temperature.
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Lei Liu, Hualing Chen, Junjie Sheng, Junshi Zhang, Yongquan Wang, and Shuhai Jia "Effect of temperature on the electric breakdown strength of dielectric elastomer", Proc. SPIE 9056, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2014, 905634 (8 March 2014);

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