1 April 2014 Enhanced output power by eigenfrequency shift in acoustic energy harvester
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In our previous studies, multiple piezoelectric cantilever plates were placed inside a quarter-wavelength straight tube resonator to harvest low frequency acoustic energy. To investigate the modification of eigenmodes in the tube resonator due to the presence of piezoelectric plates, the eigenfrequency shift properties by introducing single and multiple rectangular blockages in open-closed ducts are studied by using 1D segmented Helmholtz equations, Webster horn equation, and finite element simulations. The first-mode eigenfrequency of the duct is reduced when the blockage is placed near the open inlet. The decrease of eigenfrequency leads to the enhancement of absorbed acoustic power in the duct. Furthermore, the first half of the tube resonator possesses high pressure gradient resulting in larger driving forces for the vibration motion of piezoelectric plates. Therefore, in our harvesters, it is better to place the piezoelectric plates in the first half of the tube resonator to obtain high output voltage and power.
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Bin Li, Bin Li, Jeong Ho You, Jeong Ho You, "Enhanced output power by eigenfrequency shift in acoustic energy harvester", Proc. SPIE 9057, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2014, 90572C (1 April 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2046349; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2046349

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