9 March 2014 A stress-induced phase transition model for semi-crystallize shape memory polymer
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The developments of constitutive models for shape memory polymer (SMP) have been motivated by its increasing applications. During cooling or heating process, the phase transition which is a continuous time-dependent process happens in semi-crystallize SMP and the various individual phases form at different temperature and in different configuration. Then, the transformation between these phases occurred and shape memory effect will emerge. In addition, stress applied on SMP is an important factor for crystal melting during phase transition. In this theory, an ideal phase transition model considering stress or pre-strain is the key to describe the behaviors of shape memory effect. So a normal distributed model was established in this research to characterize the volume fraction of each phase in SMP during phase transition. Generally, the experiment results are partly backward (in heating process) or forward (in cooling process) compared with the ideal situation considering delay effect during phase transition. So, a correction on the normal distributed model is needed. Furthermore, a nonlinear relationship between stress and phase transition temperature Tg is also taken into account for establishing an accurately normal distributed phase transition model. Finally, the constitutive model which taking the stress as an influence factor on phase transition was also established. Compared with the other expressions, this new-type model possesses less parameter and is more accurate. For the sake of verifying the rationality and accuracy of new phase transition and constitutive model, the comparisons between the simulated and experimental results were carried out.
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Xiaogang Guo, Xiaogang Guo, Bo Zhou, Bo Zhou, Liwu Liu, Liwu Liu, Yanju Liu, Yanju Liu, Jinsong Leng, Jinsong Leng, "A stress-induced phase transition model for semi-crystallize shape memory polymer", Proc. SPIE 9058, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2014, 905817 (9 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2044844; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2044844

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