10 March 2014 Interfacial shear strength estimates of NiTi-Al matrix composites fabricated via ultrasonic additive manufacturing
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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to understand and improve the interfacial shear strength of metal matrix composites fabricated via very high power (VHP) ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM). VHP-UAM NiTi-Al composites have shown a dramatic decrease in thermal expansion compared to Al, yet thermal blocking stresses developed during thermal cycling have been found to degrade and eventually cause interface failure. Consequently, to improve understanding of the interface and guide the development of stronger NiTi- Al composites, the interface strength was investigated through the use of single ber pullout tests. It was found that the matrix yielded prior to the interface breaking since adhered aluminum was consistently observed on all pullout samples. Additionally, measured pullout loads were utilized as an input to a nite element model for stress and shear lag analysis, which, in turn showed that the Al matrix experienced a peak shear stress near 230 MPa. This stress is above the Al matrix's ultimate shear strength of 150-200 MPa, thus this large stress corroborates with matrix failure observed during testing. The in uence of various ber surface treatments on bond mechanisms was also studied with scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.
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Adam Hehr, Adam Hehr, Joshua Pritchard, Joshua Pritchard, Marcelo J. Dapino, Marcelo J. Dapino, } "Interfacial shear strength estimates of NiTi-Al matrix composites fabricated via ultrasonic additive manufacturing", Proc. SPIE 9059, Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2014, 905906 (10 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2046317; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2046317
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