16 April 2014 Screen printable flexible conductive nanocomposite polymer with applications to wearable sensors
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We have developed a conductive nanocomposite polymer that possesses both good conductivity and flexibility, and screen printed it onto fabric to realize wearable flexible electrodes and electronic routing. The conductive polymer consists of dispersed silver nanoparticles (90~210nm) in a screen printable plastisol polymer. The conductive polymer is conductive for weight-percentages above approximately 61 wt-% of Ag nanoparticles, and has a resistivity of 2.1210-6 ohm·m at 70 wt-% of Ag nanoparticles. To test the screen printed conductive polymer’s flexibility and its effect on conductivity, we measured the resistivity of the Ag-doped composite polymer at different bending angles (-90˚ ~ 90˚) with a 10° step angle at different wt-% of silver particles, and compared the results. We also tested washability of the screen printed conductive polymer as applied to fabric for long-term use in wearable sensors systems. We also used the screen printed Ag composite polymer to realize an example wearable system. Flexible wearable dry electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes were developed and ECG signal was measured via the electrodes. The sensing ECG electrodes (3mm diameter circle) were chloridized to form Ag/AgCl electrodes. We measured an ECG signal using a simple right-leg driven ECG circuit and observed normal ECG signals even without application of electrolyte gel.
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D. Chung, D. Chung, A. Khosla, A. Khosla, B. L. Gray, B. L. Gray, "Screen printable flexible conductive nanocomposite polymer with applications to wearable sensors", Proc. SPIE 9060, Nanosensors, Biosensors, and Info-Tech Sensors and Systems 2014, 90600U (16 April 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2046548; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2046548

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