9 March 2014 Nonlinear effect of debonding of wafer type piezoelectric actuator on the behaviour of Lamb wave
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In Lamb wave based techniques for damage detection, Piezoelectric Wafer (PW) transducers are often used for actuating Lamb wave. They offer advantages such as portability and, cost effectiveness. However, because of prolonged use, excessive voltage supply, or improper bonding onto the host structure, these PW actuators may get partially debonded from the host structure. In this paper, the nonlinear effect of this debonding on the behavior of Lamb wave manifested in the form of higher harmonics, is studied both experimentally and through Finite Element (FE) simulation. Augmented Lagrangian algorithm is used in FE simulation to solve the contact problem at the breathing debond. Three higher harmonics are observed in the experiments and also in the FE simulation. Morlet wavelet transform is implemented in the study for time-frequency analysis and the results are reported in the paper. Nonlinearity parameter β obtained from fundamental and second harmonics in the experiments and the simulation, is found to be increasing with increase in the debonding area. This shows that actuator debonding produces contact nonlinearity and thereby induces higher harmonics in the Lamb wave. Therefore, in damage detection using Lamb wave based nonlinear techniques, the higher harmonics produced may get influenced by the false higher harmonics produced by actuator debonding, leading to incorrect results. Also these false higher harmonics resulting from actuator debonding may show illusory presence of defect in a pristine material, if bonding of the actuator is not taken care of properly.
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Nitesh P. Yelve, Nitesh P. Yelve, Mira Mitra, Mira Mitra, P. M. Mujumdar, P. M. Mujumdar, "Nonlinear effect of debonding of wafer type piezoelectric actuator on the behaviour of Lamb wave", Proc. SPIE 9064, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2014, 906407 (9 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2036167; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2036167

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