28 November 2013 Laser plasma ignition: status, perspectives, solutions
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Proceedings Volume 9065, Fundamentals of Laser-Assisted Micro- and Nanotechnologies 2013; 90650B (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2053152
Event: Fundamentals of Laser Assisted Micro- and Nanotechnologies 2013, 2013, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Laser ignition can yield certain advantages compared to conventional sparkplug ignition. Among other already frequently discussed reasons due to: i) option for sequential or multipoint ignition which can contribute to more reliable ignition in direct injection engines; ii) ignition of leaner mixtures at higher compression being most relevant for gas engines. A satisfying solution to the above mentioned requirements is the longitudinally diode-pumped passively Q-switched Cr4+:YAG/Nd 3+:YAG laser capable of emitting ∼1-ns-pulses of at least 20 mJ . This type of solid-state laser (SSL) confectioned in an engine-compatible form can be called a laser sparkplug. Early versions of this concept comprised a high-power diode pump laser (quasi-cw power <500 W @ ∼500 μs duration) which were placed remote from the engine to avoid detrimental influences of temperature, vibrations, pollution etc. In this case only the SSL is exposed to the elevated temperature in the vicinity of the cylinder walls (<100°C). Recently, technical and cost-oriented considerations allow a change of concept from fiber-based remote pumping via edge emitter arrays to the use of newly developed so-called power VCSELs with two-dimensional stacking. Collimation to form a round pump beam thereby becomes much easier. Their temperature resistance allows lower-cost direct mounting although thereby a wavelength shift is induced. The Q-switched SSL in the sparkplug also faces temperature dependent phenomena like reduction of pulse energy and efficiency, a change of pulse timing and beam profile which will be discussed in the paper.
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E. Wintner, E. Wintner, H. Kofler, H. Kofler, D. K. Srivastava, D. K. Srivastava, A. K. Agarwal, A. K. Agarwal, "Laser plasma ignition: status, perspectives, solutions", Proc. SPIE 9065, Fundamentals of Laser-Assisted Micro- and Nanotechnologies 2013, 90650B (28 November 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2053152; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2053152

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