The use of two dimensional arrays has enabled the development of novel imaging spectrometers and polarimeters with snapshot capabilities, meaning the entire data cube can be recorded simultaneously. This presentation will discuss the development of spectrometer and polarimeter imagers that use new optical designs based on old ideas. The presentation contains an overview of the various types of imaging sensors that have been developed at the Optical Detection Lab of the University of Arizona. The goal of our research is to develop instruments capable of discriminating objects in biological tissue and within the human eye. Additionally, instruments of this type will be capable of spectrally monitoring simultaneously chemical or biological processes in real time in four dimensions (x,y,λ,t).