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29 May 2014 Modulation transfer function measurement of microbolometer focal plane array by Lloyd's mirror method
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Abstract
Today, both military and civilian applications require miniaturized and cheap optical systems. One way to achieve this trend consists in decreasing the pixel pitch of focal plane arrays (FPA). In order to evaluate the performance of the overall optical systems, it is necessary to measure the modulation transfer function (MTF) of these pixels. However, small pixels lead to higher cut-off frequencies and therefore, original MTF measurements that are able to extract frequencies up to these high cut-off frequencies, are needed. In this paper, we will present a way to extract 1D MTF at high frequencies by projecting fringes on the FPA. The device uses a Lloyd mirror placed near and perpendicular to the focal plane array. Consequently, an interference pattern of fringes can be projected on the detector. By varying the angle of incidence of the light beam, we can tune the period of the interference fringes and, thus, explore a wide range of spatial frequencies, and mainly around the cut-off frequency of the pixel which is one of the most interesting area. Illustration of this method will be applied to a 640×480 microbolometer focal plane array with a pixel pitch of 17µm in the LWIR spectral region.
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Guillaume Druart, Sylvain Rommeluere, Thibault Viale, Nicolas Guerineau, Isabelle Ribet-Mohamed, Arnaud Crastes, Alain Durand, and Jean Taboury "Modulation transfer function measurement of microbolometer focal plane array by Lloyd's mirror method", Proc. SPIE 9071, Infrared Imaging Systems: Design, Analysis, Modeling, and Testing XXV, 90710S (29 May 2014); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2050396
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