9 June 2014 A laser-based FAIMS detector for detection of ultra-low concentrations of explosives
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Abstract
A non-contact method for analyzing of explosives traces from surfaces was developed. The method is based on the laser desorption of analyzed molecules from the surveyed surfaces followed by the laser ionization of air sample combined with the field asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS). The pulsed radiation of the fourth harmonic of a portable GSGG: Cr3+ :Nd3+ laser (λ = 266 nm) is used. The laser desorption FAIMS analyzer have been developed. The detection limit of the analyzer equals 40 pg for TNT. The results of detection of trinitrotoluene (TNT), cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) and cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine (HMX) are presented. It is shown that laser desorption of nitro-compounds from metals is accompanied by their surface decomposition. A method for detecting and analyzing of small concentrations of explosives in air based on the laser ionization and the FAIMS was developed. The method includes a highly efficient multipass optical scheme of the intracavity fourthharmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation (λ = 266 nm) and the field asymmetric ion mobility (FAIM) spectrometer disposed within a resonator. The ions formation and detection proceed inside a resonant cavity. The laser ion source based on the multi-passage of radiation at λ = 266 nm through the ionization region was elaborated. On the basis of the method the laser FAIMS analyzer has been created. The analyzer provides efficient detection of low concentrations of nitro-compounds in air and shows a detection limit of 10-14 - 10–15 g/cm3 both for RDX and TNT.
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Artem E. Akmalov, Alexander A. Chistyakov, Gennadii E. Kotkovskii, Alexey V. Sychev, Anton V. Tugaenko, Artem S. Bogdanov, Anatoly N. Perederiy, Eugene M. Spitsyn, "A laser-based FAIMS detector for detection of ultra-low concentrations of explosives", Proc. SPIE 9081, Laser Technology for Defense and Security X, 90810E (9 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2049820; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2049820
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