24 June 2014 Front Matter: Volume 9084
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 8084, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, Introduction, and Conference Committee listing.

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Volume 9084

Proceedings of SPIE 0277-786X, V. 9084

SPIE is an international society advancing an interdisciplinary approach to the science and application of light.

The papers included in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.

Please use the following format to cite material from this book:

Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Unmanned Systems Technology XVI, edited by Robert E. Karlsen, Douglas W. Gage, Charles M. Shoemaker, Grant R. Gerhart, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9084 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2014) Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X

ISBN: 9781628410211

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Conference Committee

Symposium Chair

  • David A. Whelan, Boeing Defense, Space, and Security (United States)

Symposium Co-chair

  • Nils R. Sandell Jr., Strategic Technology Office, DARPA (United States)

Conference Chairs

  • Robert E. Karlsen, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (United States)

  • Douglas W. Gage, XPM Technologies (United States)

  • Charles M. Shoemaker, U.S. Army Communications-Electronics Research Development and Engineering Command (United States)

  • Grant R. Gerhart, U.S. Army Tank-Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Ctr.-Retired (United States)

Conference Program Committee

  • Jonathan A. Bornstein, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Jared Giesbrecht, Defence Research and Development Canada, Suffield (Canada)

  • Frank L. Lewis, The University of Texas at Arlington (United States)

  • Larry H. Matthies, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (United States)

  • Camille S. Monnier, Charles River Analytics, Inc. (United States)

  • Paul L. Muench, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (United States)

  • Hoa G. Nguyen, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific (United States)

  • James L. Overholt, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Mike Perschbacher, RovnoTech (United States)

  • Marc Raibert, Boston Dynamics (United States)

  • Klaus-Juergen Schilling, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (Germany)

  • Anthony Stentz, Carnegie Mellon University (United States)

  • Gary Witus, Turing Associates, Inc. (United States)

  • Brian M. Yamauchi, iRobot Corporation (United States)

Session Chairs

Special Topics

  • Douglas W. Gage, XPM Technologies (United States)

  • Charles M. Shoemaker, U.S. Army Communications-Electronics Research Development and Engineering Command (United States) Keynote Session: Joint Session with Conference 9096

  • Robert E. Karlsen, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (United States) RCTA

  • Jonathan A. Bornstein, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (United States) Mobility and Navigation

  • Hoa G. Nguyen, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific (United States)

  • Roland Brockers, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (United States) Perception

  • Camille S. Monnier, Charles River Analytics, Inc. (United States)

  • Paul L. Muench, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (United States)


The Unmanned Systems Technology XVI Conference consisted of seven sessions that spanned nearly three days and covered a variety of areas within robotics. Although the vast majority of fielded unmanned systems are teleoperated, especially for ground systems, the push for autonomy is increasing due to the public perception that it is within our grasp, due to commercial endeavors at the automotive companies and at Google. This year’s conference also shows that, while there is still interest in the standard unmanned technologies, there is also interest in other forms of robotics, such as micro air vehicles, which are becoming rather ubiquitous in terms of commercial availability, as well as the machine intelligence that robots will require to operate closely with humans.

The opening session on Tuesday afternoon was devoted to the always interesting Special Topics session, which this year began with a paper on neurobiomimetic cognitive architectures. This was followed by papers on communications modeling, controls for a small satellite, and power usage modeling for small unmanned ground vehicles. Manipulation was the subject of two papers, including self-righting and the use of immersive displays, followed by papers on using speech and gestures to communicate with unmanned systems. Human-Robot Interactions (HRI) is important for integrating robots into a squad or for managing a distant team of unmanned vehicles, and will require methods beyond the current laptop and joystick, especially for complex manipulation tasks.

The conference’s poster session took place on Tuesday night with papers on autonomy for unmanned surface vessels, optics and solar power for unmanned air vehicles (UAV), vehicle-to-vehicle and infrastructure-to-vehicle communication, military use of UAV’s, and methods for using polarization to determine vehicle orientation.

Wednesday began with a session on open architectures, which was joint with Conference 9096, Open Architecture/Open Business Model Net-Centric Systems and Defense Transformation 2014. Since robotics is a relatively new industry, it currently struggles with issues of interoperability and lacks widespread open standards. This session consisted of four keynotes and a panel discussion on this important issue that needs to be addressed before wide-spread production and utilization of unmanned systems will be feasible.

The Wednesday afternoon session had papers from the Army Research Laboratory’s (ARL) Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliance (CTA), which is performing research perception, intelligence, HRI, and mobility and manipulation to enable squad-level robot team members. The papers described current research on shared mental models, trust and social cues in HRI, flexible spine modeling for a four-legged robot and head control for snake robots, ladar development and point cloud processing, and building common world models.

Thursday morning brought a joint session with Conference 9083, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VI, and consisted of work performed under ARL’s Micro-Autonomous Systems and Technology (MAST) CTA. The papers described modeling and characterization of flapping wing and quadrotor air vehicles, as well as autonomous energy charging and power management, storage, and component development and integration. The technologies for these micro-sized platforms often require paradigm shifts, since many standard unmanned technologies do not scale well with size.

Thursday afternoon led off with the Mobility and Navigation session with papers on navigation for unmanned ground, surface and air vehicles, as well as for snake robots and for tunnel exploration. This was followed by the Perception session that looked at infrared and visual stereovision calibration, infrared polarimetry, and localization and navigation through forests.

This year’s conference covered a wide swath of unmanned systems technologies and demonstrates why robotics is such an exciting area. We want to especially thank those that stepped forward and assisted in making this a successful conference in spite of the issues with government funding and conference attendance regulations. We hope you enjoy these proceedings and are able to attend the conference next year.

Robert E. Karlsen

Douglas W. Gage

Charles M. Shoemaker

Grant R. Gerhart

© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
} "Front Matter: Volume 9084", Proc. SPIE 9084, Unmanned Systems Technology XVI, 908401 (24 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2073310; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2073310

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