21 May 2014 Thermal camera used for the assessment of metabolism and functions of the rat brain
Author Affiliations +
Motivation to undertake research on brain surface temperature in clinical practice is based on a strong conviction that the enormous progress in thermal imaging techniques and camera design has a great application potential. Intraoperative imaging of pathological changes and functionally important areas of the brain is not yet fully resolved in neurosurgery and remains a challenge. Extensive knowledge of the complex mechanisms controlling homeostasis (thermodynamic status of an organism being a part of it ) and laws of physics (which are the foundations of thermography), make this method very good and a simple imaging tool in comparison with other modern techniques, such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and angiography. Measurements of temperature distribution across the brain surface were performed on four rats (Wistar strain) weighing approximately 300 g each. Animals have remained under general anesthesia typically conducted using isoflurane. The brain was unveiled (the dura mater remained untouched) through the skin incision and removal of the bone cranial vault. Cerebrocortical microflow was measured using laser-Doppler flow meter. Arterial blood pressure was also measured in rat femoral artery. From the above data the cerebrovascular resistance index was calculated. Cerebral flow was modified by increasing the CO2 concentration in the inspired air to 5% for the duration of 6 minutes. Another change in cerebral flow was induced by periodic closing of right middle cerebral artery. Artery occlusion was performed by introducing a filament for a period of 15 minutes, then an artery was opened again. Measurements were carried out before, during and after the artery occlusion. Paper presents results and methodology of measurements.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mariusz Kastek, Mariusz Kastek, Tadeusz Piatkowski, Tadeusz Piatkowski, Henryk Polakowski, Henryk Polakowski, Katarzyna Kaczmarska, Katarzyna Kaczmarska, Zbigniew Czernicki, Zbigniew Czernicki, Ewa Koźniewska, Ewa Koźniewska, Lukasz Przykaza, Lukasz Przykaza, "Thermal camera used for the assessment of metabolism and functions of the rat brain", Proc. SPIE 9105, Thermosense: Thermal Infrared Applications XXXVI, 910507 (21 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2049807; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2049807

Back to Top