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21 May 2014 Applications of infrared thermography for nondestructive testing of fatigue cracks in steel bridges
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In recent years, fatigue crack propagations in aged steel bridge which may lead to catastrophic structural failures have become a serious problem. For large-scale steel structures such as orthotropic steel decks in highway bridges, nondestructive inspection of deteriorations and fatigue damages are indispensable for securing their safety and for estimating their remaining strength. As conventional NDT techniques for steel bridges, visual testing, magnetic particle testing and ultrasonic testing have been commonly employed. However, these techniques are time- and labor- consuming techniques, because special equipment is required for inspection, such as scaffolding or a truck mount aerial work platform. In this paper, a new thermography NDT technique, which is based on temperature gap appeared on the surface of structural members due to thermal insulation effect of the crack, is developed for detection of fatigue cracks. The practicability of the developed technique is demonstrated by the field experiments for highway steel bridges in service. Detectable crack size and factors such as measurement time, season or spatial resolution which influence crack detectability are investigated.
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Takahide Sakagami, Yui Izumi, Yoshihiro Kobayashi, Yoshiaki Mizokami, and Sunao Kawabata "Applications of infrared thermography for nondestructive testing of fatigue cracks in steel bridges", Proc. SPIE 9105, Thermosense: Thermal Infrared Applications XXXVI, 91050S (21 May 2014);

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