22 May 2014 Polarization resolved angular optical scattering of aerosol particles
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Abstract
Real-time detection and identification of bio-aerosol particles are crucial for the protection against chemical and biological agents. The strong elastic light scattering properties of airborne particles provides a natural means for rapid, non-invasive aerosol characterization. Recent theoretical predictions suggested that variations in the polarization dependent angular scattering cross section could provide an efficient means of classifying different airborne particles. In particular, the polarization dependent scattering cross section of aggregate particles is expected to depend on the shape of the primary particles. In order to experimentally validate this prediction, we built a high throughput, sampling system, capable of measuring the polarization resolved angular scattering cross section of individual aerosol particles flowing through an interrogating volume with a single shot of laser pulse. We calibrated the system by comparing the polarization dependent scattering cross section of individual polystyrene spheres with that predicted by Mie theory. We then used the system to study different particles types: Polystyrene aggregates composed 500 nm spheres and Bacillus subtilis (BG, Anthrax simulant) spores composed of elongated 500 nm × 1000 nm cylinder-line particles. We found that the polarization resolved scattering cross section depends on the shape of the constituent elements of the aggregates. This work indicates that the polarization resolved scattering cross section could be used for rapid discrimination between different bio-aerosol particles.
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B. Redding, B. Redding, Y. Pan, Y. Pan, C. Wang, C. Wang, G. Videen, G. Videen, Hui Cao, Hui Cao, } "Polarization resolved angular optical scattering of aerosol particles", Proc. SPIE 9106, Advanced Environmental, Chemical, and Biological Sensing Technologies XI, 91060F (22 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2050022; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2050022
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