23 May 2014 Validation of ocean color sensors using a profiling hyperspectral radiometer
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Abstract
Validation measurements of satellite ocean color sensors require in situ measurements that are accurate, repeatable and traceable enough to distinguish variability between in situ measurements and variability in the signal being observed on orbit. The utility of using a Satlantic Profiler II equipped with HyperOCR radiometers (Hyperpro) for validating ocean color sensors is tested by assessing the stability of the calibration coefficients and by comparing Hyperpro in situ measurements to other instruments and between different Hyperpros in a variety of water types. Calibration and characterization of the NOAA Satlantic Hyperpro instrument is described and concurrent measurements of water-leaving radiances conducted during cruises are presented between this profiling instrument and other profiling, above-water and moored instruments. The moored optical instruments are the US operated Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY) and the French operated Boussole Buoy. In addition, Satlantic processing versions are described in terms of accuracy and consistency. A new multi-cast approach is compared to the most commonly used single cast method. Analysis comparisons are conducted in turbid and blue water conditions. Examples of validation matchups with VIIRS ocean color data are presented. With careful data collection and analysis, the Satlantic Hyperpro profiling radiometer has proven to be a reliable and consistent tool for satellite ocean color validation.
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M. E. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, M. Ampollo Rella, W. Goode, S. Ladner, M. Feinholz, "Validation of ocean color sensors using a profiling hyperspectral radiometer", Proc. SPIE 9111, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI, 91110Y (23 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2052933; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2052933
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