Omni-directional high resolution surveillance has a wide application range in defense and security fields. Early systems
used for this purpose are based on parabolic mirror or fisheye lens where distortion due to the nature of the optical elements
cannot be avoided. Moreover, in such systems, the image resolution is limited to a single image sensor’s image resolution.
Recently, the Panoptic camera approach that mimics the eyes of flying insects using multiple imagers has been presented.
This approach features a novel solution for constructing a spherically arranged wide FOV plenoptic imaging system where
the omni-directional image quality is limited by low-end sensors. In this paper, an overview of current Panoptic camera
designs is provided. New results for a very-high resolution visible spectrum imaging and recording system inspired from
the Panoptic approach are presented. The GigaEye-1 system, with 44 single cameras and 22 FPGAs, is capable of recording
omni-directional video in a 360°×100° FOV at 9.5 fps with a resolution over (17,700×4,650) pixels (82.3MP). Real-time
video capturing capability is also verified at 30 fps for a resolution over (9,000×2,400) pixels (21.6MP). The next
generation system with significantly higher resolution and real-time processing capacity, called GigaEye-2, is currently
under development. The important capacity of GigaEye-1 opens the door to various post-processing techniques in
surveillance domain such as large perimeter object tracking, very-high resolution depth map estimation and high dynamicrange
imaging which are beyond standard stitching and panorama generation methods.