22 May 2014 High-resolution remote sensing image restoration based on double-knife-edge method
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The Point Spread Function (PSF) is one of the key indicators characterizing the signal transfer characteristics of an imaging system. Edge method is applicable to calculate the PSF of the remote sensing imaging systems for its easy implement and robust noise-resistant ability. In this paper, a Double-Knife-Edge method is proposed to recover the degraded images using a precise estimated PSF of the imaging system. The exact motion-blur direction is estimated by image differentiation firstly. Two orthogonal edges, one of which is in the same direction as the main motion-blur, are picked up from the candidate edges via Hough transform and employed to obtain edge spread functions (ESF). Derived from these ESFs, a more accurate PSF is used to deconvolute the degraded image by an image restoration algorithm based on total variation (TV) deconvolution which is capable of suppressing the artifacts and noise. The experiment results show that this algorithm is adaptive and efficient to reconstruct remote sensing images, and the reconstructed image has better PSNR, MSE and MTF than the original degraded image.
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Shaohui Zhang, Lin Wang, Xueyan Shi, Xu Wang, and Xiaopeng Shao "High-resolution remote sensing image restoration based on double-knife-edge method", Proc. SPIE 9124, Satellite Data Compression, Communications, and Processing X, 912405 (22 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2053281; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2053281

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