2 May 2014 Plasmon-enhanced tilted fiber Bragg gratings with oriented silver nanowire coatings
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Abstract
(TFBG) covered by silver nanowires aligned perpendicularly to the fiber axis. TBFGs are a convenient way to measure surrounding refractive index, as they provide intrinsic temperature-insensitivity and preserve the optical fiber structural integrity. With bare TFBGs, sensitivity is about 60 nm/RIU (refractive index unit) while when coated with a gold thin film, surface plasmon resonance can be excited leading to a sensitivity about 600 nm/RIU. In our case, we show that localized plasmon resonances can be excited on silver nanowires. These nanowires (100 nm diameter and about 2.5 µm length) were synthetized by polyol process (ethylene glycol reducing silver nitrate in the presence of poly (vinyl pyrrolidone and sodium chloride). The nanowires were aligned and deposited perpendicularly to the fiber axis on the gratings using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique in order to maximise the coupling between azimuthally polarized light modes and the localized plasmons. Excitation of surface plasmons at wavelengths around 1.5 µm occurred, leading to a dip in the polarization dependent losses of the grating. This dip is highly dependent of the surrounding refractive index, leading to a sensitivity of 650 nm/RIU, which is a 10-fold increase compared to bare gratings. We obtain results equal or slightly higher than those obtained using a gold layer on TFBGs. In spite of the comparable bulk refractometric sensitivity, the use of these oriented nanowire layers provide significantly higher contact surface area for biochemical analysis using bioreceptors, and benefit from stronger polarization selectivity between azimuthal and radially polarized modes.
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J.-M. Renoirt, M. Debliquy, J. Albert, A. Ianoul, C. Caucheteur, "Plasmon-enhanced tilted fiber Bragg gratings with oriented silver nanowire coatings", Proc. SPIE 9126, Nanophotonics V, 91263H (2 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2053519; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2053519
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