2 May 2014 Light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells with photonic structures
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Abstract
Efficient photovoltaic conversion of solar energy requires optimization of both light absorption and carrier collection. This manuscript reviews theoretical studies of thin-film silicon solar cells with various kinds of ordered and disordered photonic structures. Light trapping capabilities of these systems are analyzed by means of rigorous coupled-wave analysis and compared with the so-called Lambertian limit as given by a fully randomizing light scatterer. The best photonic structures are found to require proper combinations of order and disorder, and can be fabricated starting from pre-patterned rough substrates. Carrier collection is studied by means of analytic models and by full electro-optical simulations. The results indicate that thin-film silicon solar cells can outperform bulk ones with comparable material quality, provided surface recombination is kept below a critical level, which is compatible with present-day surface passivation technologies.
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Lucio Claudio Andreani, Lucio Claudio Andreani, Angelo Bozzola, Angelo Bozzola, Piotr Kowalczewski, Piotr Kowalczewski, Marco Liscidini, Marco Liscidini, } "Light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells with photonic structures", Proc. SPIE 9127, Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices XI, 91270M (2 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2054521; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2054521
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