8 May 2014 Time-stretched spectrally encoded angular light scattering for high-throughput real-time diagnostics
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Abstract
The angular light scattering profile of microscopic particles significantly depends on their morphological parameters, such as size and shape. This dependency is widely used in state-of-the-art flow cytometry methods for particle classification. We recently introduced the spectrally encoded angular light scattering (SEALS) method, with potential application in scanning flow cytometry (SFC). We show that a one-to-one wavelength-to-angle mapping enables the measurement of the angular dependence of scattered light from microscopic particles over a wide dynamic range. Improvement in dynamic range is obtained by equalizing the angular scattering dependence via spectral equalization. The resulting continuous angular spectrum is obtained without mechanical scanning, enabling single-shot measurement. Using this information, particle morphology can be determined with improved accuracy. We derive and experimentally verify an analytic wavelength-to-angle mapping model, facilitating rapid data processing. As a proof of concept, we demonstrate the method’s capability of distinguishing differently sized polystyrene beads. The combination of SEALS with time-stretch dispersive Fourier transform (TS-DFT) offers real-time and high-throughput (high frame rate) measurements and renders the method suitable for integration in standard flow cytometers: By transforming the spectrum into time and slowing the time scale, using group velocity dispersion (GVD), single-shot spectra can be obtained at high throughput, using a photodiode and a real-time digitizer. The amount of group velocity dispersion is chosen to time-stretch the optical pulses, that is, to slow them down, such that they do not overlap and may be digitized in real-time.
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Jost Adam, Ata Mahjoubfar, Eric D. Diebold, Brandon W. Buckley, Bahram Jalali, "Time-stretched spectrally encoded angular light scattering for high-throughput real-time diagnostics", Proc. SPIE 9129, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care IV, 91291A (8 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2052463; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2052463
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