1 May 2014 Organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser as excitation source in Raman spectroscopy using free-beam and fibre coupling
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Abstract
Enabled by the broad spectral gain and the efficient energy conversion in the active material, organic semiconductor lasers are promising for spectroscopic applications and have been recently applied for high resolution absorption and transmission spectroscopy. Here, we present the application of organic semiconductor DFB laser (DFB-OSL) as excitation source in Raman spectroscopy. Utilizing an efficient small molecule blend of tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Alq3) doped with the laser dye 4-(dicyano-methylene)-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyran (DCM), our encapsulated DFB-OSL achieved a high slope efficiency of 7.6%. The organic lasers were tested in the inverted and upright Raman microscope setups, using free-beam and fibre coupling, respectively. In the free-beam configuration, the emission beam was guided directly into an inverted microscope. Employing a spectrally tunable DFBOSL as the excitation source, we measured the Raman spectra of sulfur and improved the Raman signals for a given optical filter configuration. In the fibre coupling configuration, the organic laser was coupled into a 50 μm multi-mode optical fibre with an efficiency of 70 %. We utilized a round-to-line fibre-bundle for an efficient collection and transfer of Raman light to a spectrograph, by keeping a sufficient spectral resolution. Raman tests were performed on cadmium sulfide and cyclohexane. Our novel fibre-coupled organic laser provides a modular laboratory Raman system.
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Xin Liu, Xin Liu, Sergei Lebedkin, Sergei Lebedkin, Timo Mappes, Timo Mappes, Sebastian Köber, Sebastian Köber, Christian Koos, Christian Koos, Manfred Kappes, Manfred Kappes, Uli Lemmer, Uli Lemmer, } "Organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser as excitation source in Raman spectroscopy using free-beam and fibre coupling", Proc. SPIE 9137, Organic Photonics VI, 91370Y (1 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2051645; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2051645
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