24 July 2014 Imaging and nulling properties of sparse-aperture Fizeau interferometers
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Abstract
In this communication are presented rigorous and approximate analytical expressions of the Point Spread Function (PSF) and Field of View (FoV) achievable by multi-aperture Fizeau interferometers, either of the imaging or nulling types. The described formalism can be helpful for dimensioning future space missions in search of habitable extra-solar planets. Herein the characteristics of PSF and FoV are derived from simple analytical expressions that are further computed numerically in order to evidence the critical role of pupil re-imaging along the interferometer arms. The formalism is also well suited to simulating pseudo-images generated by a nulling Fizeau interferometer, and numerical computations demonstrate that it is only efficient for very short baselines. Finally, two different designs improving the nulling capacities of such exoplanet observing instruments are briefly presented and discussed.
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François Hénault, François Hénault, } "Imaging and nulling properties of sparse-aperture Fizeau interferometers", Proc. SPIE 9146, Optical and Infrared Interferometry IV, 914618 (24 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055069; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2055069
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