28 July 2014 Science case and requirements for the MOSAIC concept for a multi-object spectrograph for the European Extremely Large Telescope
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Abstract
Over the past 18 months we have revisited the science requirements for a multi-object spectrograph (MOS) for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). These efforts span the full range of E-ELT science and include input from a broad cross-section of astronomers across the ESO partner countries. In this contribution we summarise the key cases relating to studies of high-redshift galaxies, galaxy evolution, and stellar populations, with a more expansive presentation of a new case relating to detection of exoplanets in stellar clusters. A general requirement is the need for two observational modes to best exploit the large (≥40 arcmin2) patrol field of the E-ELT. The first mode (‘high multiplex’) requires integrated-light (or coarsely resolved) optical/near-IR spectroscopy of >100 objects simultaneously. The second (‘high definition’), enabled by wide-field adaptive optics, requires spatially-resolved, near-IR of >10 objects/sub-fields. Within the context of the conceptual study for an ELT-MOS called MOSAIC, we summarise the toplevel requirements from each case and introduce the next steps in the design process.
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C. J. Evans, M. Puech, B. Barbuy, P. Bonifacio, J.-G. Cuby, E. Guenther, F. Hammer, P. Jagourel, L. Kaper, S. L. Morris, J. Afonso, P. Amram, H. Aussel, A. Basden, N. Bastian, G. Battaglia, B. Biller, N. Bouché, E. Caffau, S. Charlot, Y. Clénet, F. Combes, C. Conselice, T. Contini, G. Dalton, B. Davies, K. Disseau, J. Dunlop, F. Fiore, H. Flores, T. Fusco, D. Gadotti, A. Gallazzi, E. Giallongo, T. Gonçalves, D. Gratadour, V. Hill, M. Huertas-Company, R. Ibata, S. Larsen, O. Le Fèvre, B. Lemasle, C. Maraston, S. Mei, Y. Mellier, G. Östlin, T. Paumard, R. Pello, L. Pentericci, P. Petitjean, M. Roth, D. Rouan, D. Schaerer, E. Telles, S. Trager, N. Welikala, S. Zibetti, B. Ziegler, "Science case and requirements for the MOSAIC concept for a multi-object spectrograph for the European Extremely Large Telescope", Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 914796 (28 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055857; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2055857
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KEYWORDS
Stars

Galactic astronomy

Planets

Spectroscopy

Spectrographs

Adaptive optics

Molybdenum

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