8 July 2014 High resolution broad-band spectroscopy in the NIR using the Triplespec externally dispersed interferometer at the Hale telescope
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Abstract
High resolution broad-band spectroscopy at near-infrared wavelengths has been performed using externally dis- persed interferometry (EDI) at the Hale telescope at Mt. Palomar. The EDI technique uses a field-widened Michelson interferometer in series with a dispersive spectrograph, and is able to recover a spectrum with a resolution 4 to 10 times higher than the existing grating spectrograph. This method increases the resolution well beyond the classical limits enforced by the slit width and the detector pixel Nyquist limit and, in principle, decreases the effect of pupil variation on the instrument line-shape function. The EDI technique permits arbi- trarily higher resolution measurements using the higher throughput, lower weight, size, and expense of a lower resolution spectrograph. Observations of many stars were performed with the TEDI interferometer mounted within the central hole of the 200 inch primary mirror. Light from the interferometer was then dispersed by the TripleSpec near-infrared echelle spectrograph. Continuous spectra between 950 and 2450 nm with a resolution as high as ~27,000 were recovered from data taken with TripleSpec at a native resolution of ∼2,700. Aspects of data analysis for interferometric spectral reconstruction are described. This technique has applications in im- proving measurements of high-resolution stellar template spectra, critical for precision Doppler velocimetry using conventional spectroscopic methods. A new interferometer to be applied for this purpose at visible wavelengths is under construction.
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David J. Erskine, David J. Erskine, J. Edelstein, J. Edelstein, M. Sirk, M. Sirk, E. Wishnow, E. Wishnow, Y. Ishikawa, Y. Ishikawa, E. McDonald, E. McDonald, W. V. Shourt, W. V. Shourt, } "High resolution broad-band spectroscopy in the NIR using the Triplespec externally dispersed interferometer at the Hale telescope", Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 914717 (8 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055186; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2055186
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