The focal plane of the PAU camera is composed of eighteen 2K x 4K CCDs. These devices, plus four spares, were
provided by the Japanese company Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. with type no. S10892–04(X). These detectors are 200
μm thick fully depleted and back illuminated with an n-type silicon base. They have been built with a specific coating to
be sensitive in the range from 300 to 1,100 nm. Their square pixel size is 15 μm.
The read-out system consists of a Monsoon controller (NOAO) and the panVIEW software package. The deafualt CCD
read-out speed is 133 kpixel/s. This is the value used in the calibration process.
Before installing these devices in the camera focal plane, they were characterized using the facilities of the ICE (CSIC–
IEEC) and IFAE in the UAB Campus in Bellaterra (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain).
The basic tests performed for all CCDs were to obtain the photon transfer curve (PTC), the charge transfer efficiency
(CTE) using X-rays and the EPER method, linearity, read-out noise, dark current, persistence, cosmetics and quantum
The X-rays images were also used for the analysis of the charge diffusion for different substrate voltages (VSUB).
Regarding the cosmetics, and in addition to white and dark pixels, some patterns were also found. The first one, which
appears in all devices, is the presence of half circles in the external edges. The origin of this pattern can be related to the
assembly process. A second one appears in the dark images, and shows bright arcs connecting corners along the vertical
axis of the CCD. This feature appears in all CCDs exactly in the same position so our guess is that the pattern is due to
Finally, and just in two devices, there is a spot with wavelength dependence whose origin could be the result of a
defectous coating process.