This paper is focused on an engineering project applied to astronomy for scientific purposes. The project consisted
elementally on the design, fabrication and characterization of an interface or mechanism to align and focus the lens of the
Echelle spectrograph and its CCD camera. This instrument is part of the 2.1 m telescope of the Observatorio
Astronómico Nacional located at the Sierra de San Pedro Martir, B. C., Mexico (OAN-SPM).
The mechanism described in this article is composed functionally of the next pieces: two half- clamps, three profiles type
"L" (that function as support columns), a fixed plate, a reference sliding plate, and three digital sensors for measuring the
relative position between the camera interface of the spectrograph and the plane of its dewar. The cryostat system has a
lens that must be focused and aligned with the spectrograph. The cryostat and the mechanism have to be attached and it
has to allow rotational movements around the three axes with linear adjustments along them.
Similarly there is a brief description of the adjacent elements to understand the mechanism and functionality design
criteria used in order to ensure the proper functionality of the mechanism that has been tested and integrated in the
telescope. Such results are also described as well as the technical specifications, the manufacturing process and the
A brief description of the scientific instrument and some finite element simulations are also included in this work.
Finally, some recommendations and future work that may be carried out as a continuous improvement mechanism are