24 July 2014 Test of multi-object exoplanet search spectral interferometer
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Abstract
Exoplanet detection, a highlight in the current astronomy, will be part of puzzle in astronomical and astrophysical future, which contains dark energy, dark matter, early universe, black hole, galactic evolution and so on. At present, most of the detected Exoplanets are confirmed through methods of radial velocity and transit. Guo shoujing Telescope well known as LAMOST is an advanced multi-object spectral survey telescope equipped with 4000 fibers and 16 low resolution fiber spectrographs. To explore its potential in different astronomical activities, a new radial velocity method named Externally Dispersed Interferometry (EDI) is applied to serve Exoplanet detection through combining a fixed-delay interferometer with the existing spectrograph in medium spectral resolution mode (R=5,000-10,000). This new technology has an impressive feature to enhance radial velocity measuring accuracy of the existing spectrograph through installing a fixed-delay interferometer in front of spectrograph. This way produces an interference spectrum with higher sensitivity to Doppler Effect by interference phase and fixed delay. This relative system named Multi-object Exoplanet Search Spectral Interferometer (MESSI) is composed of a few parts, including a pair of multi-fiber coupling sockets, a remote control iodine subsystem, a multi-object fixed delay interferometer and the existing spectrograph. It covers from 500 to 550 nm and simultaneously observes up to 21 stars. Even if it’s an experimental instrument at present, it’s still well demonstrated in paper that how MESSI does explore an effective way to build its own system under the existing condition of LAMOST and get its expected performance for multi-object Exoplanet detection, especially instrument stability and its special data reduction. As a result of test at lab, inside temperature of its instrumental chamber is stable in a range of ±0.5degree Celsius within 12 hours, and the direct instrumental stability without further observation correction is equivalent to be ±50m/s every 20mins.
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Kai Zhang, Kai Zhang, Liang Wang, Liang Wang, Haijiao Jiang, Haijiao Jiang, Yongtian Zhu, Yongtian Zhu, Yonghui Hou, Yonghui Hou, Songxin Dai, Songxin Dai, Jin Tang, Jin Tang, Zhen Tang, Zhen Tang, Yizhong Zeng, Yizhong Zeng, Yi Chen, Yi Chen, Lei Wang, Lei Wang, Zhongwen Hu, Zhongwen Hu, } "Test of multi-object exoplanet search spectral interferometer", Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 914758 (24 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055566; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2055566
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