28 July 2014 A novel systems engineering approach to the design of a precision radial velocity spectrograph: the GMT-Consortium Large Earth Finder (G-CLEF)
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Abstract
One of the first light instruments for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) will be the GMT-Consortium Large Earth Finder (G-CLEF). It is an optical band echelle spectrograph that is fiber fed to enable high stability. One of the key capabilities of G-CLEF will be its extremely precise radial velocity (PRV) measurement capability. The RV precision goal is 10 cm/sec, which is expected to be achieved with advanced calibration methods and the use of the GMT adaptive optics system. G-CLEF, as part of the GMT suite of instruments, is being designed within GMT's automated requirements management system. This includes requirements flow down, traceability, error budgeting, and systems compliance. Error budgeting is being employed extensively to help manage G-CLEF technical requirements and ensure that the top level requirements are met efficiently. In this paper we discuss the G-CLEF error budgeting process, concentrating on the PRV precision and instrument throughput budgets. The PRV error budgeting process is covered in detail, as we are taking a detailed systems error budgeting approach to the PRV requirement. This has proven particularly challenging, as the precise measurement of radial velocity is a complex process, with error sources that are difficult to model and a complex calibration process that is integral to the RV measurement. The PRV budget combines traditional modeling and analysis techniques, where applicable, with semi-empirical techniques, as necessary. Extrapolation from existing PRV instruments is also used in the budgeting process.
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William Podgorski, William Podgorski, Jacob Bean, Jacob Bean, Henry Bergner, Henry Bergner, Moo-Young Chun, Moo-Young Chun, Jeffrey Crane, Jeffrey Crane, Ian Evans, Ian Evans, Janet Evans, Janet Evans, Gabor Furesz, Gabor Furesz, Dani Guzman, Dani Guzman, Kang-Min Kim, Kang-Min Kim, Kenneth McCracken, Kenneth McCracken, Mark Mueller, Mark Mueller, Timothy Norton, Timothy Norton, Chan Park, Chan Park, Sang Park, Sang Park, David Plummer, David Plummer, Andrew Szentgyorgyi, Andrew Szentgyorgyi, Alan Uomoto, Alan Uomoto, In-Soo Yuk, In-Soo Yuk, } "A novel systems engineering approach to the design of a precision radial velocity spectrograph: the GMT-Consortium Large Earth Finder (G-CLEF)", Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 91478W (28 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2056329; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2056329
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