22 August 2014 Discretized aperture mapping with a micro-lenses array for interferometric direct imaging
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Abstract
Discretized Aperture Mapping (DAM) appears as an original filtering technique easy to play with existing adaptive optics (AO) systems. In its essential DAM operates as an optical passive filter removing part of the phase residuals in the wavefront without introducing any difficult-to-align component in the Fourier conjugate of the entrance pupil plane. DAM reveals as a new interferometric technique combined with spatial filtering allowing direct imaging over a narrow field of view (FOV). In fact, the entrance pupil of a single telescope is divided into many sub-pupils so that the residual phase in each sub-pupil is filtered up to the DAM cut-off frequency. DAM enables to smooth the small scale wavefront defects which correspond to high spatial frequencies in the pupil plane and to low angular frequencies in the image plane. Close to the AO Nyquist frequency, such pupil plane spatial frequencies are not well measured by the wavefront sensor (WFS) due to aliasing. Once bigger than the AO Nyquist frequency, they are no more measured by the WFS due to the fitting limit responsible for the narrow AO FOV. The corresponding image plane angular frequencies are not transmitted by DAM and are useless to image small FOVs, as stated by interferometry. That is why AO and DAM are complementary assuming that the DAM cut-off frequency is equal to the AO Nyquist frequency. Here we describe the imaging capabilities when DAM is placed downstream an AO system, over a convenient pupil which precedes the scientific detector. We show firstly that the imaging properties are preserved on a narrow FOV allowing direct imaging throughout interferometry. Then we show how the residual pupil plane spatial frequencies bigger than the AO Nyquist one are filtered out, as well as the residual halo in the image is dimmed.
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Fabien Patru, Fabien Patru, Jacopo Antichi, Jacopo Antichi, Dimitri Mawet, Dimitri Mawet, Laurent Jolissaint, Laurent Jolissaint, Marcel Carbillet, Marcel Carbillet, Julien Milli, Julien Milli, Julien Girard, Julien Girard, Patrick Rabou, Patrick Rabou, Enrico Giro, Enrico Giro, Denis Mourard, Denis Mourard, } "Discretized aperture mapping with a micro-lenses array for interferometric direct imaging", Proc. SPIE 9148, Adaptive Optics Systems IV, 91485P (22 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2058594; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2058594
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