7 August 2014 Remembrance of phases past: An autoregressive method for generating realistic atmospheres in simulations
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Abstract
The advent of expensive, large-aperture telescopes and complex adaptive optics (AO) systems has strengthened the need for detailed simulation of such systems from the top of the atmosphere to control algorithms. The credibility of any simulation is underpinned by the quality of the atmosphere model used for introducing phase variations into the incident photons. Hitherto, simulations which incorporate wind layers have relied upon phase screen generation methods that tax the computation and memory capacities of the platforms on which they run. This places limits on parameters of a simulation, such as exposure time or resolution, thus compromising its utility. As aperture sizes and fields of view increase the problem will only get worse. We present an autoregressive method for evolving atmospheric phase that is efficient in its use of computation resources and allows for variability in the power contained in frozen flow or stochastic components of the atmosphere. Users have the flexibility of generating atmosphere datacubes in advance of runs where memory constraints allow to save on computation time or of computing the phase at each time step for long exposure times. Preliminary tests of model atmospheres generated using this method show power spectral density and rms phase in accordance with established metrics for Kolmogorov models.
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Srikar Srinath, Srikar Srinath, Lisa A. Poyneer, Lisa A. Poyneer, Alexander R. Rudy, Alexander R. Rudy, S. Mark Ammons, S. Mark Ammons, } "Remembrance of phases past: An autoregressive method for generating realistic atmospheres in simulations", Proc. SPIE 9148, Adaptive Optics Systems IV, 91486W (7 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2057291; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2057291
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