6 August 2014 Auxiliary instruments for the absolute calibration of the ASTRI SST-2M prototype for the Cherenkov Telescope Array
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Abstract
ASTRI SST-2M is the end-to-end prototype telescope under development by the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics, INAF, proposed for the investigation of the highest-energy gamma-ray band in the framework of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, CTA. The ASTRI SST-2M prototype will be installed in Italy at the INAF station located at Serra La Nave on Mount Etna during Fall 2014. The calibration and scientific validation phase will start soon after. The calibration of a Cherenkov telescope includes several items and tools. The ASTRI SST- 2M camera is equipped with an internal fiber illumination system that allows to perform the relative calibration through monitoring of gain and efficiency variations of each pixel. The absolute calibration of the overall system, including optics, will take advantage from auxiliary instrumentation, namely UVscope and UVSiPM, two small-aperture multi-pixels photon detectors NIST calibrated in lab. During commissioning phase, to measure the main features of ASTRI SST-2M, as its overall spectral response, the main telescope and the auxiliary UVscope-UVSiPM will be illuminated simultaneously by a spatially uniform flux generated by a ground-based light source, named Illuminator, placed at a distance of few hundreds meters. Periodically, during clear nights, the flux profiles of a reference star tracked simultaneously by ASTRI SST-2M and UVscope-UVSiPM will allow to evaluate the total atmospheric attenuation and the absolute calibration constant of the ASTRI SST-2M prototype. In this contribution we describe the auxiliary UVscope-UVSiPM and Illuminator sub-system together with an overview of the end-to-end calibration procedure foreseen for the ASTRI SST-2M telescope prototype.
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Maria Concetta Maccarone, Maria Concetta Maccarone, Alberto Segreto, Alberto Segreto, Osvaldo Catalano, Osvaldo Catalano, Giovanni La Rosa, Giovanni La Rosa, Francesco Russo, Francesco Russo, Giuseppe Sottile, Giuseppe Sottile, Carmelo Gargano, Carmelo Gargano, Benedetto Biondo, Benedetto Biondo, Mauro Fiorini, Mauro Fiorini, Salvatore Incorvaia, Salvatore Incorvaia, Giorgio Toso, Giorgio Toso, } "Auxiliary instruments for the absolute calibration of the ASTRI SST-2M prototype for the Cherenkov Telescope Array", Proc. SPIE 9149, Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems V, 914918 (6 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2054526; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2054526
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