18 July 2014 The adaptive optics beam steering mirror for the GMT Integral-Field Spectrograph, GMTIFS
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Abstract
To achieve the high adaptive optics sky coverage necessary to allow the GMT Integral-Field Spectrograph to access key scientific targets, the on-instrument adaptive-optics wavefront-sensing system must patrol the full 180 arcsecond diameter guide field passed to the instrument. Starlight must be held stationary on the wavefront sensor (accounting for flexure, differential refraction and non-sidereal tracking rates) to ~ 1 milliarcsecond to provide the stable position reference signal for deep AO observations and avoid introducing image blur. Hence a tight tolerance of 1/180,000 is placed on the positioning and encoding accuracy for the cryogenic On-Instrument Wave-Front Sensor feed. GMTIFS will achieve this requirement using a beam-steering mirror system as an optical relay for starlight from across the accessible guide field. The system avoids hysteresis and backlash by eliminating friction and avoiding gearing while maintaining high setting speed and accuracy with a precision feedback loop. Here we present the design of the relay system and the technical solution deployed to meet the challenging specifications for drive rate, accuracy and positional encoding of the beam-steering system.
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R. Sharp, R. Boz, J. Hart, G. Bloxham, D. Bundy, J. Davis, P. J. McGregor, J. Nielson, C. Vest, P. J. Young, "The adaptive optics beam steering mirror for the GMT Integral-Field Spectrograph, GMTIFS", Proc. SPIE 9151, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation, 91510C (18 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2054835; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2054835
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