23 July 2014 Digital frequency domain multiplexing readout electronics for the next generation of millimeter telescopes
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
Frequency domain multiplexing (fMux) is an established technique for the readout of transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometers in millimeter-wavelength astrophysical instrumentation. In fMux, the signals from multiple detectors are read out on a single pair of wires reducing the total cryogenic thermal loading as well as the cold component complexity and cost of a system. The current digital fMux system, in use by POLARBEAR, EBEX, and the South Pole Telescope, is limited to a multiplexing factor of 16 by the dynamic range of the Superconducting Quantum Interference Device pre-amplifier and the total system bandwidth. Increased multiplexing is key for the next generation of large format TES cameras, such as SPT-3G and POLARBEAR2, which plan to have on the of order 15,000 detectors. Here, we present the next generation fMux readout, focusing on the warm electronics. In this system, the multiplexing factor increases to 64 channels per module (2 wires) while maintaining low noise levels and detector stability. This is achieved by increasing the system bandwidth, reducing the dynamic range requirements though active feedback, and digital synthesis of voltage biases with a novel polyphase filter algorithm. In addition, a version of the new fMux readout includes features such as low power consumption and radiation-hard components making it viable for future space-based millimeter telescopes such as the LiteBIRD satellite.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Amy N. Bender, Amy N. Bender, Jean-François Cliche, Jean-François Cliche, Tijmen de Haan, Tijmen de Haan, Matt A. Dobbs, Matt A. Dobbs, Adam J. Gilbert, Adam J. Gilbert, Joshua Montgomery, Joshua Montgomery, Neil Rowlands, Neil Rowlands, Graeme M. Smecher, Graeme M. Smecher, Ken Smith, Ken Smith, Andrew Wilson, Andrew Wilson, "Digital frequency domain multiplexing readout electronics for the next generation of millimeter telescopes", Proc. SPIE 9153, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VII, 91531A (23 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2054949; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2054949
PROCEEDINGS
15 PAGES


SHARE
Back to Top