23 July 2014 Focal plane alignment and detector characterization for the Subaru prime focus spectrograph
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We describe the infrastructure being developed to align and characterize the detectors for the Subaru Measure- ment of Images and Redshifts (SuMIRe) Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS). PFS will employ four three-channel spectrographs with an operating wavelength range of 3800 °A to 12600 °A. Each spectrograph will be comprised of two visible channels and one near infrared (NIR) channel, where each channel will use a separate Schmidt camera to image the captured spectra onto their respective detectors. In the visible channels, Hamamatsu 2k × 4k CCDs will be mounted in pairs to create a single 4k × 4k detector, while the NIR channel will use a single Teledyne 4k × 4k H4RG HgCdTe device. The fast f/1.1 optics of the Schmidt cameras will give a shallow depth of focus necessitating an optimization of the focal plane array flatness. The minimum departure from flatness of the focal plane array for the visible channels is set the by the CCD flatness, typically 10 μm peak-to-valley. We will adjust the coplanarity for a pair of CCDs such that the flatness of the array is consistent with the flatness of the detectors themselves. To achieve this we will use an optical non-contact measurement system to measure surface flatness and coplanarity at both ambient and operating temperatures, and use shims to adjust the coplanarity of the CCDs. We will characterize the performance of the detectors for PFS consistent with the scientific goals for the project. To this end we will measure the gain, linearity, full well, quantum efficiency (QE), charge diffusion, charge transfer inefficiency (CTI), and noise properties of these devices. We also desire to better understand the non-linearity of the photon transfer curve for the CCDs, and the charge persistence/reciprocity problems of the HgCdTe devices. To enable the metrology and characterization of these detectors we are building two test cryostats nearly identical in design. The first test cryostat will primarily be used for the coplanarity measurements and sub- pixel illumination testing, and the second will be dedicated to performance characterization requiring at field illumination. In this paper we will describe the design of the test cryostats. We will also describe the system we have built for measuring focal plane array flatness, and examine the precision and error with which it operates. Finally we will detail the methods by which we plan to characterize the performance of the detectors for PFS, and provide preliminary results.
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Murdock Hart, Robert H. Barkhouser, Michael Carr, Mirek Golebiowski, James E. Gunn, Stephen C. Hope, Stephen A. Smee, "Focal plane alignment and detector characterization for the Subaru prime focus spectrograph", Proc. SPIE 9154, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VI, 91540V (23 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2057558; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2057558

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