17 August 2014 Charge transfer and quantum coherence in solar cells and artificial light harvesting system (presentation video)
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Abstract
In artificial light harvesting systems the conversion of light into elec- trical or chemical energy happens on the femtosecond time scale, and is thought to involve the incoherent jump of an electron from the optical absorber to an electron acceptor. Here we investigate the primary dynamics of the photoinduced electronic charge transfer pro- cess in two prototypical structures: (i) a carotene-porphyrin-fullerene triad, a prototypical elementary component for an artificial light har- vesting system and (ii) a polymer:fullerene blend as a model system for an organic solar cell. Our approach [1] combines coherent femtosec- ond spectroscopy and first-principles quantum dynamics simulations. Our experimental and theoretical results provide strong evidence that the driving mechanism of the primary step within the current gener- ation cycle is a quantum-correlated wavelike motion of electrons and nuclei on a timescale of few tens of femtoseconds. We furthermore high- light the fundamental role played by the flexible interface between the light-absorbing chromophore and the charge acceptor in triggering the coherent wavelike electron-hole splitting. [1] C. A. Rozzi et al., 'Quantum coherence controls the charge separation in a prototypical arti_cial light-harvesting system', Nature Communications 4, 1603 (2013).
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Christoph Lienau, Christoph Lienau, } "Charge transfer and quantum coherence in solar cells and artificial light harvesting system (presentation video)", Proc. SPIE 9163, Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XII, 91631R (17 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2063533; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063533
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