16 September 2014 Einstein's osmotic equilibrium of colloidal suspensions in conservative force fields
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Abstract
Predicted by Einstein in his 1905 paper on Brownian motion, colloidal particles in suspension reach osmotic equilibrium under gravity. The idea was demonstrated by J.B. Perrin to win Nobel Prize in Physics in 1926. We show Einstein’s equation for osmotic equilibrium can be applied to colloids in a conservative force field generated by optical gradient forces. We measure the osmotic equation of state of 100nm Polystyrene latex particles in the presence of KCl salt and PEG polymer. We also obtain the osmotic compressibility, which is important for determining colloidal stability and the internal chemical potential, which is useful for predicting the phase transition of colloidal systems. This generalization allows for the use of any conservative force fields for systems ranging from colloidal systems to macromolecular solutions.
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Jinxin Fu, Jinxin Fu, H. Daniel Ou-Yang, H. Daniel Ou-Yang, } "Einstein's osmotic equilibrium of colloidal suspensions in conservative force fields", Proc. SPIE 9164, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XI, 91641V (16 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2062169; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2062169
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