16 September 2014 Aerosol optical chromatography and measurements of light extinction by single particles
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To resolve some of the significant uncertainties in the impact of aerosols on global climate, new tools are required to probe light scattering and absorption by aerosol particles. Ideally, such tools should allow direct measurements on individual particles over extended periods of time, providing data to better constrain the optical properties of aerosol, how they depend on the environmental conditions (relative humidity and temperature) and how they change with time. Here, we present a new technique using a combination of a Bessel beam to manipulate individual particles and cavity ringdown spectroscopy for ultrasensitive measurements of the optical extinction. We show that particles can be spatially separated along the propagation direction of a Bessel beam according to their size and refractive index when confined by a Bessel beam core and a counter-propagating gas flow, referred to as optical chromatography. The time-dependent position of a particle is shown to be a consequence of the differing size dependencies of the forces arising from Stokes drag and radiation pressure. We also show that particles captured in a Bessel beam can be moved in and out of an optical cavity formed by two highly reflective mirrors. The time constant for the ringdown in light coupled within the cavity can then be used to measure the optical cross-section of the individual particle with high accuracy. An individual particle can be captured indefinitely and its change in optical cross-section measured with change in environmental conditions.
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Jonathan P. Reid, Jonathan P. Reid, Bernard J. Mason, Bernard J. Mason, Michael I. Cotterell, Michael I. Cotterell, Thomas C. Preston, Thomas C. Preston, Andrew J. Orr-Ewing, Andrew J. Orr-Ewing, "Aerosol optical chromatography and measurements of light extinction by single particles", Proc. SPIE 9164, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XI, 91641Y (16 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061031; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061031


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