16 September 2014 The break-up dynamics of liquid threads revealed by laser radiation pressure and optocapillarity
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Abstract
We show how optocapillary stresses and optical radiation pressure effects in two-phase liquids open the way for investigating the difficult problem of liquid thread breakup at small scales when surfactants are present at the interface or when the roughness of the interface becomes significant. Using thermocapillary stresses driven by light to pinch a surfactant-laden microjet, we observe deviations from the expected visco-capillary law governed by a balance between viscosity and interfacial tension. We suggest that these deviations are due to time varying interfacial tension resulting from the surfactant depletion at the neck pinching location, and we experimentally confirm this mechanism. The second case is representative of the physics of nanojets. Considering a near critical liquid-liquid interface, where the roughness of the interfaces may be tuned, we use the radiation pressure of a laser wave to produce stable fluctuating liquid columns and study their breakup. We show how pinching crosses over from the visco-capillary to a fluctuation dominated regime and describe this new regime. These experiments exemplify how optofluidics can reveal new physics of fluids.
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Julien Petit, Julien Petit, Matthieu Robert de Saint Vincent, Matthieu Robert de Saint Vincent, David Rivière, David Rivière, Hamid Kellay, Hamid Kellay, Jean-Pierre Delville, Jean-Pierre Delville, } "The break-up dynamics of liquid threads revealed by laser radiation pressure and optocapillarity", Proc. SPIE 9164, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XI, 91642C (16 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2060996; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2060996
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