16 September 2014 Optical tweezers as manufacturing and characterization tool in microfluidics
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Pumping and mixing of small volumes of liquid samples are basic processes in microfluidic applications. Among the number of different principles for active transportation of the fluids microrotors have been investigated from the beginning. The main challenge in microrotors, however, has been the driving principle. In this work a new approach for a very simple magnetic driving principle has been realized. More precisely, we take advantage of optical grippers to fabricate various microrotors and introduce an optical force method to characterize the fluid flow generated by rotating the structures through magnetic actuation. The microrotors are built of silica and magnetic microspheres which are initially coated with Streptavidin or Biotin molecules. Holographic optical tweezers (HOT) are used to trap, to position, and to assemble the microspheres with the chemical interaction of the biomolecules leading to a stable binding. Using this technique, complex designs of microrotors can be realized. The magnetic response of the magnetic microspheres enables the rotation and control of the structures through an external magnetic field. The generated fluid flow around the microrotor is measured optically by inserting a probe particle next to the rotor. While the probe particle is trapped by optical forces the flow force leads to a displacement of the particle from the trapping position. This displacement is directly related to the flow velocity and can be measured and calibrated. Variations of the microrotor design and rotating speed lead to characteristic flow fields.
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J. Köhler, J. Köhler, R. Ghadiri, R. Ghadiri, S. I. Ksouri, S. I. Ksouri, E. L. Gurevich, E. L. Gurevich, A. Ostendorf, A. Ostendorf, } "Optical tweezers as manufacturing and characterization tool in microfluidics", Proc. SPIE 9164, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XI, 91642F (16 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2063080; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063080

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