27 August 2014 Physicochemical characterization of silver nanoparticles synthesize using Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis)
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Abstract
Production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using different biological methods is gaining recognition due to their multiple applications. Although, several physical and chemical methods have been used for the synthesis and stabilizing of AgNPs, yet, a green chemistry method is preferable because it is cost effective and environmentally friendly. The synthesis was done using Aloe Vera (AV) extract because it has chemical compounds such as “Antrokinon” that are known for its antibacterial, antivirus and anticancer properties. We hypothesize that AV extract can produce a stable nanoparticles within the 100 nm range and be biologically active. The biological compounds were extracted from AV skin with water and ethanol which was used as the reduction agent for the synthesis of nanoparticles. The biological extract and AgNO3 were blended and heated to synthesize AgNPs. The reaction process was monitored using UV-Visible spectroscopy. Fourier Transfer Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used for the characterization of biological compounds and their substituent groups before and after the reaction process. Dynamic Light scattering (DLS) method was used to characterize particle size of AgNPs and their biomolecular stability. Results showed that biological compounds such as aliphatic amines, alkenes (=C-H), alkanes (C-H), alcohol (O-H) and unsaturated esters(C-O), which has an average particle size of 109 and 215.8 nm and polydispersity index of 0.451 and 0.375 for ethanol and water extract, respectively. According to TEM measurements the size of AgNPs are in the range 5-20 nm The results suggested that ethanol derived AgNPs contained higher yield of organic compounds, thus has better solubility power than water. Ag NPs can be used to control salmonella in poultry industry.
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Abiola Kuponiyi, Abiola Kuponiyi, Lamin Kassama, Lamin Kassama, Tatiana Kukhtareva, Tatiana Kukhtareva, } "Physicochemical characterization of silver nanoparticles synthesize using Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis)", Proc. SPIE 9171, Nanobiosystems: Processing, Characterization, and Applications VII, 91710V (27 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2062170; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2062170
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